Polynesia Web - www.Polynesia.tk Russian
Portal Dating

Polynesian languages

Polynesian Girl Polynesian languages

The Polynesian languages are a group of related languages spoken in the region known as Polynesia. They are considered to be a part of the Austronesian language group, belonging to the Eastern Malayo-Polynesian branch of that family. They fall into two groups: Tongic and Nuclear Polynesian.

There are approximately forty Polynesian languages. The most prominent of these are Tahitian, Samoan, Tongan, Maori, and Hawaiian.

Because the Polynesian islands were settled relatively recently (starting around 2,000 years ago), their languages retain strong commonalities. There are two broad subgroups: Tongan and Niuean are considered part of the Tongic division and all others are considered part of the Nuclear Polynesian division.

Examples of words remaining similar across different languages include the word for "sky" (Maori and Rapanui: rangi; Samoan and Tongan: langi; Hawaiian: lani; North Marquesan: aki; South Marquesan: ani) and the word for "house" (Maori: whare; Rapanui: hare;Tahitian: fare, Samoan: fale, Hawaiian hale, N. Marq. ha'e, South Marquesan fa'e). Certain correspondences can be noted between different Polynesian languages. For example, the Maori sounds K, R, T and Ng correspond to (okina), L, K and N in Hawaiian -- as such, the Maori word tangata ("people") is kanaka in Hawaiian, and Maori roa ("long") becomes Hawaiian loa. The Hawaiian name for kava is awa.

Although none of the modern Polynesian languages allow consonant clusters, this tendency appears to be have developed well after the early settlement of the islands. For example, when reconstructing the proto-Marquesan word for "man", using the South Marquesan word enata and kenana or enana from North Marquesan, the reconstructed original word is *kenanda. (This word may be related to the previously mentioned tangata in Maori and kanaka in Hawaiian, although if that is the case, comparative Polynesian linguistics would lead to the conclusion that the word should appear in Marquesan as takata/tenata.) The syllable-initial phoneme nd- is common in Fijian, the Melanesian language most closely related to the Polynesian languages. Other syllable-initial clusters of the Proto-Polynesian language appear to include *mb-, *kt-, and *ŋk-.

Some Polynesian languages have been greatly affected by European colonization. Both Maori and Hawaiian, for example, have lost much ground to English, and have only recently been able to make progress towards restoration.

Polynesian Girls Polynesian Languages
Spoken in: Polynesia
Genetic
classification: Austronesian
Malayo-Polynesian
Central Eastern Malayo-Polynesian
Eastern Malayo-Polynesian
Oceanic
Central-Eastern Oceanic
Remote Oceanic
Central Pacific
East Fijian-Polynesian
Polynesian

Components

Nuclear Polynesian languages
East Nuclear Polynesian languages
Samoic languages
Tongic languages
Tongan
Niuean


Tonga

Tonga

New Zealand

New Zealand

Easter Island Rapa Nui

Easter Island Rapa Nui

Cook Islands

Cook Islands

French Polynesia

French Polynesia

French Polynesia is a French overseas "country" in the southern Pacific Ocean. It is made up of several groups of Polynesian islands, the most famous island being Tahiti in the Society Islands group, which is also the most populous island, and the seat of the capital of the territory (Papeete).

Hawai'i

Hawai'i

The Hawaiian Islands is an archipelago of nineteen islands and atolls, numerous smaller islets, and undersea seamounts trending northwest by southeast in the North Pacific Ocean between latitudes 19 N and 29 N.

Samoa

Samoa

The Independent State of Samoa or Samoa is a country comprising a group of islands in the South Pacific Ocean. Previous names are German Samoa from 1900 to 1914 and Western Samoa from 1914 to 1997.

Polynesians

Polynesian girls

Polynesian languages

Polynesian ships


Polynesian languages

Open Directory Polynesia


Contura i31 T -