The Islands of the South Seas

Economy of Independent States of the South Seas is stagnating. During the last twenty years the growth of per capita income was 0.1% per year - in other words, no growth on the islands is not. The traditional culture of the region - coconut and sugar cane - are all less demand, modern fishing requires large investments, and the industry on the islands is not going to create one: high transport costs and the quality of the labor force is poor (to invest in Vietnam or China far better) . Tourism also requires an initial investment, which on the shoulder only to some countries in the region. Not by chance the main centers of tourism are those territories which became independent: Tahiti, New Caledonia, Guam. Discourage investment and political instability, although here it turns out, rather a vicious circle: poverty leads to discontent and instability, which, in turn, prevent escape poverty.

In trying to find a way out of the situation, local governments have resorted to the most unexpected sources of income - for example, the sale of Internet domains. Since each state relies own domain, and users on the islands almost not, try to sell domains. Especially fortunate in this respect the independent Republic of Tuvalu, national domain which is tv. The right to use this domain and, therefore, to resell its television companies were purchased in bulk from the government of islands Canadian firm for $ 50 million. Business Canadians went wrong, and the deal was canceled. However, these rights are immediately found another buyer to pay for them in 2002, $ 45 million. For a country with a population of 11 thousand. Man, who has not been able to find 20 thousand. US., Required for entry into the UN, 45 million - a huge amount.

However, other countries in the region and actively trade their sovereignty: provide their national numbers phone sex providers sell quotas for geostationary satellites (such quotas rely any state), create offshore zone and record foreign vessels for a minimal fee. According to rumors, the voices of these states in all kinds of international associations and societies, too, are surprisingly little.

Well known in the region tragicomic story of Nauru, which is often called the smallest independent state of the planet (strictly speaking, the Vatican even less). Nauru fabulously lucky huge deposits of phosphates, of which the island, in fact, the whole consists of. After gaining independence in 1968, leading mining companies began to make huge contributions to the budget, and per capita income Nauru soon became one of the highest in the world. Money spent on a grand scale, which could learn from the Gulf sheikhs. Residents of the island are entitled to free flights on planes of state airlines and the president could easily send the government-owned ship on a long voyage to bring you suddenly need a box of fish hooks.

However, phosphates are over. Free services - too. Huge foreign investment that the Government of Nauru has made in 1968-1996 gg., Could theoretically provide a decent income to all its inhabitants and after the depletion of phosphate. In practice, however, these investments are now ten times smaller than originally expected: most of the money was invested very illiterate or simply stolen. Nauru is now a piece of truly Martian landscape: almost all the soil on the island destroyed. Residents remains only to remember his short-lived prosperity.

In fact, the entire region is supported by foreign aid. In the independent countries of the region foreign donations account for about a third of GDP. However, with the end of the Cold War reduced the amount of aid, because one of the reasons was to prevent Soviet penetration into the region (timid attempts such penetration had taken place in the 70s). For the Independent States is the main source of help Australia and dependent territories are subsidized by Paris and Washington.

By the way, Australian and other donors insist on the so-called "South Pacific integration." The existence of some regional structures will significantly simplify their lives, allowing to deal with one and not with twenty local bureaucracy. The Islanders are ready to play these games so far as they are paid by Canberra or, say, the Asian Development Bank for Reconstruction and Development.

For youth exit became emigration. Strictly speaking, the main argument of opponents of independence now is exactly what the French, New Zealand or American citizenship allows without too much trouble to go in search of a better life. For 2000, 340 thousand. Islanders and their descendants living in the continental United States, 225 thousand. Moved to New Zealand and 150 thousand. Australia. Now, for example, more Samoans live in the diaspora than in their native islands. Of the inhabitants of the Cook Islands 83% live in exile, and with the New Zealand island of Niue in the metropolis moved 92% of the population.
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19 Февраля, 2015  15:52 Просмотров: 2582 Печать
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